Normal Speech Milestones: Birth -1 Yr



Cognitive (Learning/Understanding)


Birth – 3 Months

  • Startles to noises
  • quiets when comforted
  • Recognizes mom’s voice when spoken to
Birth – 3 Months

  • Makes pleasurable sounds eg cooing
  • Smiles when hears or sees you
  • Cries to show different needs
4-7 Months

  • Moves eyes/head and listens to sounds/music
  • Responds to own name
  • Responds to changes in your tone of voice
4-7 Months

  • Makes sounds to communicate, eg gurgling, laughing, squealing
  • Babbles
  • First sounds include p, b, m
8 Months – 1 Yr

  • enjoys playing games like peek-a-boo
  • turns when spoken too
  • Recognizes correct object /image when named
  • Starts to respond to common requests eg “want more?”
8 Months-1 Yr

  • Babbles repetitive groups of sounds eg “ttttt,p-p-p-p”
  • Enjoys imitating during play eg speech sounds
  • Starts to say single words eg “mama”, “dada”
  • Uses sounds to get and keep attention
  • Uses gestures to show intent eg raises arms to be carried

Features that could be suspicious of the need for further assessment include:

    • Not babbling as a baby
    • Excessive drooling
    • Does not crawl
    • Does not say single words
    • Does not point to objects or use gestures
    • Feeding or swallowing difficulties
    • Know the signs of Autism/

More information about your child’s speech development and what you can do at home to enrich your child at this age can be found at:

Rourke Baby Record

Developmental Milestones, “MyHealth.Alberta.Ca” Parent Information

Canadian Paediatrics Society/Caring for Kids

MyHealth.Alberta/Building your baby’s Language

Alberta College Of SLPs Birth to Preschool Milestones

Speech-Language and Audiology Canada/Milestones yr

Healthy Parents Healthy Children

Speech Sound Checklist pdf

More information on general development, motor milestones and language development is also  available here:

ASHA Website Public info, Speech Milestones

If your child is having a delay in any aspect of speech/gross motor or general development, visit your doctor. Routine visits for Healthy Child checkup are encouraged at 1 -2 weeks of Birth, One month, Two Months, Four Months, Six Months, Nine Months, One year etc. Visits to Public Health for Routine Immunizations at Two Months, Four Months, Six Months, and One Year are opportunities to have your baby screened.


Adapted from “Caring for your Baby and Young Child, American Academy of Pediatrics, Sixth Edition, Steven P. Shelov.;
“Healthy Parents, Healthy Children, The Early Years”, Alberta Health Services; Development.